LLLT, lllt, laser therapy - biostimulation
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Exemples of Chukuka Enwemeka published work


Published studies

  1. Enwemeka CS, Chris Allen, Patrick Avila, Jason Bina, Jason Konrade,
    Stephen Munns: soft tissue thermodynamics before, during, and after cold
    pack therapy. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc: (Accepted for Publication, April 18,
  2. Reddy GK, Stehno-Bittel L, Hamade S: Enwemeka CS: The biomechanical
    integrity of bone in experimental diabetes. Diabetes Research & Clinical
    Practice (Accepted for Publication, April, 2001).
  3. Reddy GK, Stehno-Bittel L, Enwemeka CS: Laser photostimulation
    accelerates wound healing in diabetic rats. Wound Repair and Regeneration
    vol 9: 2001 (In press).
  4. Reddy GK, Stehno-Bittel L, Enwemeka CS: Matrix remodeling in regenerating
    rabbit Achilles tendon. Wound Repair and Regeneration 7:518-527, 1999
  5. Reddy GK, Stehno-Bittel L, Enwemeka CS: Laser photostimulation of
    collagen production in healing rabbit Achilles tendons. Lasers Med Sci
    22:281-287, 1998.
  6. Stehno-Bittel L, Reddy GK, Gum S, Enwemeka CS: Biochemistry and
    biomechanics of healing tendon Part I: Effects of rigid plaster casts and
    functional casts. Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:788-793, 1998.
  7. Reddy GK, Gum S, Stehno-Bittel L, Enwemeka CS: Biochemistry and
    biomechanics of healing tendon Part II: Effects of combined laser therapy
    and electrical stimulation. Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:794-800, 1998.
  8. Gum SL, Reddy GK, Stehno-Bittel L, Enwemeka CS: Combined ultrasound,
    electrical stimulation, and laser promote collagen synthesis with moderate
    changes in tendon biomechanics. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 76:288-296, 1997.
  9. Reddy K, Enwemeka CS: A simplified method for the analysis of
    hydroxyproline in biological tissues. Clinical Biochemistry 29:225-229,
  10. Enwemeka CS, Cohen E, Duswalt EP, Weber DM: The Biomechanical effects of
    Ga-As Laser photostimulation on tendon healing. Laser Therapy 6:181-188,
  11. Enwemeka CS: The Light Brightens (Editorial) Laser Therapy 6:179-180,
  12. Enwemeka CS: Functional loading augments the initials tensile strength
    and energy absorption capacity of regenerating rabbit Achilles tendons. Am J
    Phys Med Rehabil 71:31-38, 1992.
  13. Maxwell LC, Moody M, Enwemeka CS: Muscle atrophy continues during early
    return to Weight-Bearing after tendon repair. The Anatomical Record
    233:376-386, 1992.
  14. Maxwell LC, Enwemeka CS: Immobilization-induced muscle atrophy is not
    reversed by lengthening the muscle. The Anatomical Record 234:55-61, 1992.
  15. Enwemeka CS: Ultrastructural morphometry of Membrane-bound
    intracytoplasmic collagen fibrils in tendon fibroblasts exposed to He:Ne
    laser beam. Tissue & Cell 24: 511-523, 1992.
  16. Enwemeka CS, Maxwell LC, Fernandes G: Ultrastructural morphometry of
    matrical changes induced by exercise and food restriction in the rat
    calcaneal tendon. Tissue & Cell 24:499-510, 1992
  17. Maxwell LC, Enwemeka CS, Fernandes G: Effects of exercise and food
    restriction on rat skeletal muscles. Tissue & Cell 24:491-498, 1992.
  18. Enwemeka CS: Membrane-bound Intracellular collagen fibrils in
    fibroblasts and myofibroblasts of three regions of the regenerating rabbit
    calcaneal tendon. Tissue & Cell 23:173-190, 1991.
  19. Enwemeka CS: Connective tissue plasticity: Ultrastructural,
    Biomechanical and Morphometric Effects of physical factors on intact and
    regenerating tendons. J. Orthop Sports Phys Ther 14:198-212, 1991.
  20. Enwemeka CS, Rodriguez O, Gall NG, Walsh NE: Morphometrics of collagen
    fibril populations in He-Ne laser photostimulated tendons. Journal of
    Clinical Laser Medicine and Surgery 8:151-156, 1990
  21. Enwemeka CS, Rodriguez O, Mendosa S: The Biomechanical effects of low
    intensity ultrasound on healing tendons. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology
    16:801-807, 1990
  22. Enwemeka CS: The effects of Therapeutic Ultrasound on Tendon Healing - A
    Biomechanical Study. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 68:283-287, 1989.
  23. Enwemeka CS: Inflammation, Cellularity and Fibrillogenesis in the
    Regenerating Tendon: Implications for Tendon Rehabilitation. Physical
    Therapy 69:816-825, 1989.
  24. Enwemeka CS, Spielholz NI, Nelson AJ: The Effects of Early Functional
    Ambulatory Activities on Experimentally Tenotomized Achilles Tendons in
    Rats - A Biomechanical Study. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 67:264-269, 1988.
  25. Enwemeka CS: Laser Biostimulation of Healing Wounds: Specific Effects
    and Mechanisms of Action [Review Paper]. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther
    9:333-338, 1988.
  26. Enwemeka CS: Radiographic Verification of Knee Goniometry. Scand J
    Rehabil Med 18:47-49, 1986.
  27. Enwemeka CS, Bonet IM, Ingle J, et al,: Postural Correction in Persons
    with Neck Pain I - A survey of Neck Positions Recommended by Physical
    Therapists. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 8:235-239, 1986.
  28. Enwemeka CS, Bonet IM, Ingle J, et al.: Postural Correction in Persons
    with Neck Pain II-Integrated Electromyography of the Upper Trapezius in
    Three Neck Positions. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 8:240-242, 1986.
  29. Enwemeka CS: Physical Deformities in Nigerian Schools: The Port
    Harcourt Cohort Study. Int J Rehabil Res 7:163-172, 1984.
  30. Enwemeka CS, Adeghe NUB: Some Family Problems Associated with the
    Presence of a Handicapped Child in Nigeria. Child: Care, Health and
    Development 8:133-140, 1982.
  31. Enwemeka CS: Utilization of Physiotherapy Services in Nigeria. J
    Africa Health; April 1981.
  32. Enwemeka CS, Obi JO: Management Problems of Children with Cerebral
    Palsy in Nigeria. J. Nig Soc Physioth 7:13-16, 1981.
    Book Chapters
  33. Enwemeka CS, Spielholz NI: Modulation of Tendon Growth and Regeneration
    by Electrical Currents and Fields.(Book Chapter) In: Nelson R, Currier DP
    (Ed.): Dynamics of Human Biologic Tissues. F. A. Davis Publishers, 1992, pp
  34. Enwemeka CS: Laser Photostimulation in The United States. In: Oshiro T,
    Calderhead RG (Ed.): Progress in Laser Therapy. John Wiley & Sons
    Publishers, London, 1991; pp 102 -111.

Books & Monographs

1. Enwemeka CS: The Science of Human Motion, Baltimore MD, Williams & Wilkins,

2. Enwemeka CS: An Experimental Model of Tendon Rupture, Repair and Evaluation [Video Tape & Script] copyright, 1991.

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